Spicy Pickled Fiddleheads are a delicious way to preserve the unique seasonal flavor of wild fiddlehead ferns and enjoy a healthy snack all year round!
What are fiddleheads?
Fiddleheads are the furled fronds of a young fern and are used in place as a green vegetable. They are found all over the world and in parts of the US, with the type of fiddlehead fern varying by each region.
Each spring, wild ostrich fiddlehead ferns make a short appearance for a few weeks at farm stands and farmer’s markets throughout my area in New England and it’s always exciting to get my little hands on some every year.
How to choose the BEST and freshest fiddleheads
It’s key to choose fern heads that are firm, bright green, and have tightly rolled/closed for your fiddlehead recipe. Don’t freak out if you see a brown papery chaff on the ferns because it’s completely normal and can be easily removed by lightly rubbing with fingers.
Fiddleheads are high in iron, fiber, and Vitamins A and C, as well as being a great source of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids.
They have a mild and slightly grassy flavor and can be used as a substitute for most any green veggie.
How to cook fiddleheads
Fiddleheads should not be eaten raw or undercooked, for they can cause some intestinal issues similar to food poisoning, so be sure to cook them for at least 12 minutes before eating.
An easy and typical way to serve fiddleheads are to sauté them and I always blanch them first, for about 3 minutes, then finish in a pan with butter, seasonings, and fresh herbs. Simply delicious!
Since the season is so short, I make a couple of batches of spicy pickled fiddleheads with the fresh wild ferns my Father-in-Law gives me each year (he gets them from his neighbor in Maine).
This way I can savor the favor of the fiddleheads even when they are out of season.
Spicy pickled fiddleheads are a wonderful addition to a meat and cheese board, as a pickle substitute in a sandwich (like a BBQ sandwich), added in place of relish in tuna or egg salad (or deviled eggs!), or just eat them straight out of the jar.
I’ve also used them in a Bloody Mary cocktail, which is pretty dang awesome!
Looking for a more traditional pickle, try this super easy recipe by one of my favorite bloggers, A Fork’s Tale.
Please let me know in the comments below all the unique and interesting ways you end up using these Spicy Pickled Fiddleheads.
- 1/2 pound fiddlehead ferns (choose tight, closed fern heads)
- 2 tablespoons + 1 teaspoon Kosher salt , separated
- 1/2 cup apple cider vinegar
- 1/2 cup water
- 1/2 teaspoon crushed spicy red pepper flakes
- 1/2 teaspoon white or black peppercorns
- 3 whole allspice berries
- 2 small garlic clove , smashed
Place fresh fiddlehead ferns in a large bowl of cold water and wash away any dirt. Gently rub away any brown chaff on the fern heads with your fingers and trim the ends. Set aside.
Over high high, bring to a boil two quarts of water in a medium saucepan and stir in two tablespoons of salt. Add cleaned fiddlehead ferns and cook for 12 minutes, stirring occasionally. Drain, then rinse the ferns with cold water. Set aside.
Combine vinegar, 1/2 cup water, and 1 teaspoon salt in a small saucepan and bring to a boil. Add all the spices and garlic cloves to the mixture and remove pan from the heat.
Add the fiddlehead ferns to a clean jar and completely cover with the pickling liquid.
Use a boiling water bath canner to seal the jar and store for up to one year in the pantry or keep covered, unsealed jars in the refrigerator and use within a month. Allow pickles to age for at least a week before eating (but they are pretty delish after just 3 days in the refrig!).